Substance Addiction

Substance Addiction

Addiction is a chronic condition characterized by compulsive or difficult-to-control pursuit and abuse of substances despite their harmful effects. 

Continuous substance abuse can cause brain changes governing an individual’s self-control, making it challenging to resist intense substance cravings.

At Tulip Hill, we aim to provide our clients with the tools and information they need to overcome their addiction.

Below, you’ll find all the valuable information you need surrounding substance addiction, commonly abused substances, the physical and psychological impact they have, and the most effective treatments.

Substance Addiction

What Is Substance Addiction?

Drug addiction begins when the desire to consume a substance hijacks the regions of the brain that reward behaviors and provide benefits to the body. Simply put, most substances cause euphoria while also filling the brain's reward circuit with the chemical messenger dopamine. 

Typically, a fully functioning reward system encourages people to repeat behaviors necessary for survival, such as eating and socializing with friends. However, this natural flow changes once a substance-induced surge of dopamine enters the reward circuit. 

From that moment on, the brain reinforces the enjoyable but harmful behavior of substance use, encouraging repeated use. This is how substance addiction develops.

In time, the brain adjusts itself by lowering the sensitivity of cells in the reward circuit to respond to substances as a person continues to use them. This means it now takes more of the chemical to have the same effect - also known as building a tolerance. 

In time, the brain adjusts itself by lowering the sensitivity of cells in the reward circuit to respond to substances as a person continues to use them. This means it now takes more of the chemical to have the same effect - also known as building a tolerance.

What Drugs Are Most Commonly Abused?

Many substances can influence people’s thinking and decisions and cause health problems such as addiction. Some of the most commonly abused substances are:

  • Cocaine - Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant synthesized from the leaves of the South American coca plant.
  • Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) - DMT is a synthetic substance that causes intense but brief hallucinogenic episodes. It’s also organically found in several South American plants.
  • Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) - GHB is a depressant that causes euphoric effects. This particular substance is very addictive.
  • Hallucinogens - Including substances such as ketamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, mescaline (peyote), phencyclidine (PCP), psilocybin, salvia, and DMT, hallucinogens produce severely distort a person's perception of reality.
  • Heroin - An opiate derived from morphine, heroin is a natural chemical collected from the seed pods of several opium poppy plants.
  • Inhalants - Solvents, aerosols, gases, and prescription nitrates are often found in household items such as spray paints, marker pens, glues, and cleaning items.
  • Ketamine - Ketamine is a dissociative substance used in veterinary medicine as an anesthetic. This substance makes the user feel as though they’re disconnected from reality.
  • Khat - Cathinone and cathine are hallucinogenic compounds found in khat, pronounced cot, a shrub native to East Africa and Arabia.
  • Kratom - A tropical deciduous plant native to Southeast Asia, kratom leaves contain various chemicals, including mitragynine, a psychotropic (mind-altering) opioid.
  • Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) - LSD is made from Ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains. These produce lysergic acid, making LSD a hallucinogen.
  • Marijuana (cannabis) - Cannabis sativa is a plant containing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - the primary psychoactive (mind-altering) ingredient.

Related: Snorting Adderall

Effects of Substance Abuse Disorder

Even when used in moderation or as prescribed by a physician, any substance might have short-term consequences. Some short-term effects of abusing a substance or misusing a prescribed substance include:

  • Changes in diet
  • Insomnia
  • A faster heart rate
  • Slurred speech
  • Alterations in cognitive abilities
  • A passing feeling of euphoria
  • Coordination problems

Beyond physical health, substance abuse can harm a person's quality of life. The following are some of the symptoms people with substance use disorders may experience:

  • Relationship issues
  • Poor performance in the workplace or school
  • Difficulties maintaining personal hygiene
  • Obvious changes in appearance
  • Shorter attention spans

Chronic substance use, on the other hand, can change a person's brain structure and function. This can lead to long-term psychological disorders, including depression, stress, panic attacks, increased aggression, schizophrenia, and hallucinations. Memory, comprehension, and focus are also affected by long-term substance use.

When considering physical problems, it is important to note that multiple diseases are caused by addiction. For example, prolonged substance use can lead to cardiovascular illness, respiratory issues, kidney damage, liver problems, and death.

Signs and Symptoms of Substance Addiction

The symptoms and behaviors associated with substance addiction include:

  • Feeling compelled to use substances several times a day
  • Experiencing strong cravings
  • Consuming substances for prolonged periods
  • Having a steady supply of the substance
  • Financial difficulty
  • Failure to fulfill duties and job responsibilities
  • Reduced interest in social or recreational activities
  • Committing actions such as stealing
  • Inability to remain sober
  • Withdrawal symptoms

Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?

Yes, addiction can be effectively treated and managed, provided the individual is determined and motivated to quit.

At Tulip Hill, we combine addiction treatment medications with a range of complementary therapies to give people the best chance of success. Personalized treatment plans can also be expected during recovery.

Substance Addiction Recovery

Recovering from substance addiction is more complicated than many believe, especially as co-occurring mental health conditions often contribute.

At Tulip Hill, we treat addictions and any associated issues in a holistic approach. Otherwise known as dual diagnosis treatment, our clinicians and therapists work closely with our clients to determine what motivates them.

Upon acquiring a broad understanding of the client and what makes them tick, a customized treatment plan is devised with the ultimate objective of helping those in our care overcome their addiction and develop healthier coping strategies.

Our Treatment

Tulip Hill doesn't believe in prepackaged therapies. We believe we're eligible to help people recover from their addiction and manage their health issues. We treat every client with the utmost respect and consider them a part of our family.

If you decide to attend our center, you will have the opportunity to take advantage of the following treatment options:

  • Thirty days of intense partial hospitalization (PHP) care - This involves staying in one of our sober living homes and receiving daily treatment, counseling, accountability, and support.
  • Sixty days of intensive outpatient (IOP) treatment - This includes a reduced level of therapy and treatment while preparing you to return to everyday life.
Our staff and alumni additionally provide post-recovery help, such as job training, transportation aid, and life skills development.

Let's Begin the Journey

The use of legal and illegal narcotics can lead to overwhelming cravings and addiction. Though difficult to break free from independently, professional help is available.

Tulip Hill was created to help people heal from addiction and its underlying causes. Our skilled team builds a treatment plan unique to each person and tailored to their specific needs and objectives.

We truly believe that there is hope for everyone, irrespective of their past. If you are ready to take the first step in your recovery, please contact us now or call us at 877-845-8192 to begin your journey towards a happier, healthier life.

  • Wonderful environment. The staff is exceptional. The care they show clients is above and beyond what anybody could expect. I genuinely give credit to Tulip Hill for helping me to start down a NEW part of my life. Thank you, Tulip Hill!

    - Chad, Former Client

  • They truly are an amazing place. I was able to learn and cope with emotions. The staff actually cares and understands how to help. I would definitely recommend treatment here!

    - Lanny, Former Client

  • They have done a FANTASTIC job with Tulip Hill Recovery. Highly recommend them for anyone seeking drug and alcohol treatment.

    - David, Former Client

With the right help, you can beat addiction

Begin Your Journey To Recovery With Tulip Hill
Call Today 877.845.8192
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Find a fulfilled life outside of drug and alcohol addiction


1800 S Rutherford Blvd #103
Murfreesboro, TN 37130

228 West Baltimore Street
Jackson, TN 38301

About Tulip Hill
Tulip Hill is a family-owned rehabilitation center with first-hand experience in addiction recovery. 

We believe a dual diagnosis approach that treats the mental health conditions underlying addiction is the best route to long-term sobriety.

1800 S Rutherford Blvd #103
Murfreesboro, TN 37130

228 West Baltimore Street
Jackson, TN 38301
Tel. 877-845-8192
All Rights Reserved © 2021 - Tulip Hill Recovery