Xanax, also known as alprazolam, is a commonly prescribed medication for the treatment of anxiety and panic disorders. While it is highly effective in managing these conditions, prolonged, excessive, or illicit use of Xanax can lead to physical dependence and addiction with associated withdrawal symptoms when usage is cut down or stopped abruptly.
This raises the question: Can Xanax withdrawal be fatal? Therefore, it is important to explore the risks associated with Xanax withdrawal and whether it can pose a life-threatening situation.
Xanax’s Effects on the Body
Xanax is a benzodiazepine, a type of drug that enhances the effects of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a neurotransmitter in the brain. By doing so, Xanax produces calming and sedating effects, relieving symptoms of anxiety and promoting relaxation.
However, when Xanax is misused or taken illicitly, it can also cause euphoric sensations. It is these effects that can lead to long-term abuse and Xanax addiction.
Can Xanax Withdrawal Be Fatal?
Xanax withdrawal itself is not typically considered to be fatal. However, abruptly stopping or rapidly tapering off Xanax can lead to severe and potentially life-threatening withdrawal symptoms. These may include seizures, hallucinations, delirium, extreme agitation, and psychosis.
In addition, some people are at increased risk of self-harm or suicide from the more intense withdrawal symptoms. In rare cases, damaged muscles can release electrolytes and proteins into the body, leading to kidney failure. There are potential complications when this occurs where Xanax withdrawal is fatal.
It’s important to note that the risk of experiencing these severe withdrawal symptoms is dependent on various factors, including the dosage and duration of Xanax use, individual tolerance levels, and any co-occurring mental health or substance use issues.
Types of Withdrawal
When discussing Xanax withdrawal, there are two main types of withdrawal that individuals may experience.
Acute withdrawal is the initial phase of withdrawal that occurs shortly after reducing or stopping Xanax use. It typically lasts for several days and is characterized by intense symptoms such as rebound anxiety, insomnia, agitation, tremors, and sweating.
Sometimes referred to as post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS), this type of withdrawal involves lingering psychological symptoms that persist beyond the acute phase and can last for several weeks or even months. These symptoms may include cravings, mood swings, irritability, anxiety, sleep disturbances, difficulty concentrating, and memory problems.
What Are Common Withdrawal Symptoms?
Common withdrawal symptoms associated with Xanax discontinuation or dose reduction include:
- Rebound anxiety
- Muscle tension and aches
Xanax Withdrawal Timeline
The withdrawal timeline for Xanax can vary from person to person. Generally, Xanax withdrawal progresses through the following stages:
- Early Withdrawal: Within 6 to 12 hours of the last dosage, initial withdrawal symptoms begin and may include anxiety and insomnia.
- Acute Withdrawal: Between days 1 and 4, symptoms gradually increase in intensity until they peak around the fourth day. Common symptoms may include increased anxiety, restlessness, irritability, sweating, tremors, insomnia, vivid dreams, and seizures.
- Subacute Withdrawal: After about the first week and up to 4 weeks, withdrawal symptoms gradually begin to subside and lessen in intensity. Usually, by week 4, they have disappeared. However, ravings and mood swings can persist.
- Protracted Withdrawal: Some individuals may experience lingering symptoms for several more weeks or months, such as intermittent cravings, anxiety, or sleep disturbances. These psychological withdrawal symptoms will eventually subside with ongoing treatment.
Xanax Withdrawal Treatment
Xanax withdrawal should be managed under the guidance of a healthcare professional or addiction specialist. Treatment for Xanax withdrawal typically involves a combination of medical supervision, psychological support, and gradual tapering of the medication using the following approaches.
Individuals require medically supervised Xanax detox to safely manage withdrawal symptoms and ensure their safety throughout the process. This usually involves gradually reducing the dosage of Xanax while monitoring their vital signs until they stabilize and have fully discontinued Xanax use.
Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)
Certain medications can be prescribed to help ease severe withdrawal symptoms and minimize potential complications.
Individual counseling and group therapy sessions with trained professionals provide emotional support during this challenging time and help identify the underlying issues that contributed to Xanax misuse.
It is generally recommended to slowly reduce Xanax dosage over time rather than abruptly stopping it altogether to minimize the severity of withdrawal symptoms. A tapering schedule is individually created based on factors such as the dose, duration of use, and frequency of use.
Transitioning from Detox
As someone nears the end of their detox, they will usually transition to some formal addiction treatment program, based on their needs, such as inpatient, partial hospitalization, or intensive outpatient treatment.
Break Free From Xanax Addiction at Tulip Hill
When you are ready to reclaim your life, free from Xanax, Tulip Hill in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, is here to help. We offer compassionate care in a safe, secure, and supportive environment. Our experienced team works with you to develop a personalized treatment plan using evidence-based and holistic therapies.
Contact us today to start your recovery journey.